Introduce English Songs
Popular English nursey rhymes and songs are often used to introduce ESL learners to English, especially at a young age. They help kids learn common phrases, chants, simple vocabulary, and everyday expressions associated with English. Plus, teaching songs and their actions is a very fun and interactive way for kids to stay engaged in the language learning process. How many can you remember from your childhood?
Phonics are the sounds of each individual letter in the alphabet and the sounds they make when put together. Teach "A, A, A = ah, ah, ah. B, B, B = buh, buh, buh. C,C,C = cuh, cuh, cuh. Easy, right? Then you’d also need to also introduce simple vocabulary words that start with each letter. A for apple, B for bus, C for … cyclophosphamides.
The next stage is teaching how to phonetically breakdown words. Take 'map': M, M, M, muh, muh, muh. A, A, A, ah, ah, ah. P, P, P, puh, puh, puh. Muh-ah-puh. Map."
But wait, there’s more! Students then learn common sounds where letters are stacked together—er, ay, it, ed, ck, etc.—and the same pronunciation method applies. Take “duck.” Duh-uh-cuh, duck! Under, un-duh-er, under!
*DJ / KK Phonetics*
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Present Grammar Rules
Teaching grammar is all about breaking down the different parts needed to build an entire sentence or question.
-: I can’t play basketball
So what’s next? Sure they can read it, but do they actually comprehend what their reading? At a certain level, applying the 5Ws to the material is key. That is, ESL students will need to review the Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How of the story/information, in addition to learning new vocabulary in the passage.