Abbreviation: TW / TWN
Language: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Currency: New Taiwan Dollars (NWD
National Symbol: White, 12-rayed sun on blue field.
National Anthem: "Zhonghua Minguo guoge" (National Anthem of the Republic of China)
Population: 23,359,928 (July 2014 est.)
Borders: Taiwan borders the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China.
Country Size: 35,980 sq km
Highest Point: Yu Shan 3,952 m
Lowest Point: South China Sea – 0m.
Ethnic Groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%
Government: Multiparty Democracy
Divisions: Taiwan includes the main island of Taiwan plus smaller islands nearby and off coast of China's Fujian Province. Taiwan is divided into 14 counties, 3 municipalities, and 5 special municipalities.
Largest City (By pop): New Taipei City (3,966,818 Dec. 2014)
Tallest Mountain: Jade Mountain (also Yushan, 3952m)
Longest River: Zhoushui River (186.4 km)
Largest Lake: Sun Moon Lake (7.93 sqkm)
Tallest Building: Taipei 101
Richest Man: Tsai Eng Meng
Richest Woman: Cher Wang
Popular Celebrities: Ang Lee, Jay Chou, Rainie Yang, Qi Shu, Godfrey
Popular Companies: HTC, ACER, ASUS, Giant, Merida, Kenda Tires,
Known For: Night markets, tropical islands, cycling, computer chips, Taipei 101, hot springs, mountainous islands
Powerhouse: One of the four "Asian Tigers," which also includes Hong Kong, Singapore, and South Korea.
Stacked: Highest density of convenience stores.
Politics: First Democratic country in Asia
Living: Lowest poverty rate in the world.
Environment: Highest recycling rates.
Awards: First woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, Lu Hsien-lein.
Wealth: Third largest holder of foreign exchange reserves.
More Stacked: Fifteenth most densely populated area
Equality: Number one in gender equality throughout Asia.
Mountainous: Largest Density of high mountains in the world.
Popularity: Baseball is Taiwan’s national sport.
Democracy: Became the 1st Democratic country throughout the Asia region.
Freedom: 14th freest economy in the world (2015)